Arunasura was a rakshasa who was creating havoc amongst the sattvic and noble people. He was very arrogant that none could vanquish and kill him. He had performed rigorous tapas and obtained a unique boon from the Creator, Lord Brahma. According to the boon no devata, human being, rakshasa, any two-legged or four-legged creature or any weapon could cause his destruction. Because of his rakshasic ways, the entire land was ridden with drought and everyone was suffering.
The Sage Jabali was filled with compassion for the people around and decided to perform a yagna for the welfare of all. The Sage went to Indraloka and asked Lord Indra to send the divine Kamadhenu with him. Since Kamadhenu was not available then, Indra asked the Sage to take Nandini, Kamadhenu’s daughter, with him. However, Nandini who was very proud refused to go with the Sage to the realm of mortals. Jabali became very angry and cursed her to become a river and flow in the very region which she refused to grace.
Nandini realized her mistake and sought forgiveness and asked the Sage to take back the curse. Jabali told her that the curse cannot be reversed, but assured her that Adishakti, the Mother of the whole universe would redeem her from the curse at the appropriate time. In the month of Magha on the full-moon day, Nandini descended down and flowed in the form of a river from the Kanakachala mountains.
All the devatas prayed to Adishakti. She appeared in front of them and assured them that she would annihilate the rakshasa. Devi took a beautiful form and as Mohini entered and moved around the courtyard of Arunasura. When Arunasura saw her, he was so enamoured by her beautiful looks and asked for her hand in marriage. Devi started teasing him and running away from him. He ran after her. She ran faster and unable to catch her the rakshasa became furious. As he tried to catch up with her, Devi reached the banks of river Nandini and disappeared into a huge rock in front of her. Arunasura hit the rock very hard with his sword. And a huge bee emerged out and stung the rakshasa to death. The bee was neither a two-legged or four-legged creature. It was a six-footed one. And it did not use any weapon. Its sting killed the rakshasa. The bee was none other than Devi herself who came to be known as Bhramaramba. (Bhramara means bee)
All the devatas were overjoyed. Indra brought the tender coconut water from the celestial tree and performed abhisheka to Bhramaramba (Devi in the form of a bee) to calm it down. They requested her to stay there permanently for the sake of her devotees. She accepted their request. In the middle of the river Nandini, Devi chose to manifest in a “Linga” form, surrounded by waters on all sides. Since she rose from the river, she is considered as the daughter of Nandini. With that Nandini was redeemed of Sage Jabali’s curse.
The place became famous as Kateel (Kateel means ‘in the centre’) and Devi is known as Sri Durga Parameshwari. Since she came in the form of a bee and bees repel the smell of champaka flowers, these flowers are not used for her worship. Tender coconut water in this kshetra is first offered to her and only then taken as prasad by devotees.
[Kateel is situated at distance of 18km from Mangalore]
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