Tag Archives: Rama

Guru of Lord Hanuman!

Surya Bhagavan stands for the Light of Knowledge and Wisdom. He is the All-knowing silent Witness of the entire world. He represents the World Teacher, the Giver of both subjective and objective knowledge. It is said that the Vedas are under the care of Surya Bhagavan. Young Hanuman wanted to have Lord Surya alone as his Guru. One day in the morning, Hanuman took a big leap and reached Surya Bhagavan. With folded hands he approached Lord Surya and requested him to accept him as his disciple.

Surya Bhagavan was very pleased with Hanuman’s request. However, since he is constantly on the move, he told Hanuman that he cannot stop at any point of time to teach him. Hanuman came up with a solution and told Lord Sun that he can continue his celestial journey without break and still teach him. He told Surya Bhagavan to keep moving forward and keep teaching him, and he would face his Guru and keep moving backwards at the same speed!

Surya Bhagavan was very pleased at the disciples loving persistence and agreed. Facing the teacher and moving backwards, Hanuman quickly grasped all that was taught to him by Lord Surya. He studied the four books of Knowledge (Vedas), the six systems of philosophies (Darshanas), the sixty four Arts (Kalas) and mastered the nine Vyakaranas along with the one hundred and eight mysteries of Tantra. Having completed his education, it was time for him to offer his Guru dakshina to his Guru. Hanuman asked his Guru what he could offer him, but Lord Surya said that he was more than happy to have a sishya like him, and he did not want anything from his disciple. However Hanuman insisted. Surya Bhagavan then asked Hanuman to look after the welfare of his son Sugriva (the prince of Kishkinda) and help him later in life. Hanuman agreed.

In keeping with his words to Surya Bhagavan, Hanuman was always by the side of Sugriva, and helped him enter into friendship  with Lord Rama. When Sugriva became the King of Kishkinda, Hanuman was his most trusted minister.

The famous “Surya Namaskar” is generally attributed to Hanuman in utter reverence and gratitude to his Guru Surya Bhagavan.

The Master can clearly see the spiritual destiny and the divine perfection which lie in the innermost core of the disciple. - Swami Chinmayananda

[PS: I request all to please forward and share these value based stories rich in our culture and tradition to elders, youth and children]

 

Boon to Sleep : Kumbhakarna

Kumbhakarna

Kumbhakarna was the younger brother of Ravana, and the elder brother of  Vibhishana. He was born huge and had a great appetite. He grew up to be a gigantic, powerful and strong Asura, but was very wise, of good character and a great warrior. Due to all these unique qualities, Indra and the other devatas in Devaloka were worried as Kumbhakarna would indeed be an undisputed winner if he waged a war against Indra.

All the three brothers wanted to acquire boons from Lord Brahma and become powerful. Hence for many years they meditated on Lord Brahma. Being pleased with their penance, Lord Brahma appeared and asked what they wished for. Indra was terrified at the very thought of Kumbhakarna asking boons. He knew that Kumbhakarna would be unconquerable if he received powers from the Lord. He prayed to Goddess Saraswati who is not only the giver of knowledge but also the bestower of  speech. Indra prayed to Saraswati to manipulate Kumbhararna’s speech while asking for a boon from Lord Brahma.

Kumbhakarna wanted to ask for Indrasana (throne of Indra) but ended up asking for Nidrasana (state of sleep), and instead of asking for Nirdevatvam (non-existence of Devatas), he asked for Nidraavatvam (continuous sleep)! The boon was granted. It was then that Kumbhakarna realized his mistake and requested Lord Brahma to undo the boon. But once granted, the boon could not be reversed. Hence, Kumbhakarna slept for six months and when he woke up, he would eat to his full for a day and again go back to sleep for the next six months.

During the fierce battle between Lord Rama and Ravana, Ravana’s army suffered great loss. At that time, Ravana decided to wake up Kumbhakarna. It is said that a thousand elephants were required to wake him up. When Kumbhakarna realized that Ravana had captured Rama’s wife Sita, he tried to convince Ravana to return Sita back to Rama. But Ravana was stubborn and refused. Kumbhakarna finally went to the battle field and after a fierce battle between him and Rama, Kumbakarna was finally killed by Lord Rama.

We are 'asleep' to the Great and Divine Presence in our bosom; the Wise-man never 'sleeps' like us!! - Swami Chinmayananda

[PS: I request all to please forward and share these value based stories rich in our culture and tradition to elders, youth and children]

How Rama got the name “Rama Chandra”

Baby Rama

The city of Ayodhya was joyously celebrating the birth of Lord Rama – the avatar of Lord Hari. Guru Vasishta gave the divine baby the name – RAMA. He picked up the letter “Ra” from the 8-lettered ‘Om Namo Narayanaya’ mantra and “Ma” from the 5-lettered ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ mantra, and combined them to give the most powerful Taraka Mantra: RAMA. Both the letters “Ra” and “Ma” are the very LIFE of their corresponding mantras. Without these letters, both the mantras lose their efficacy and the very capacity to bless.

Everyone including the Gods in the guise of human beings had come to have a glimpse of  the child Rama. The devatas, one by one slowly came up to the cradle to silently offer their prostrations to the Lord without being recognised. When it was the turn of Lord Sun (Surya), he reverentially thanked the Lord for having been born in the Solar dynasty. The All-knowing Lord in the form of an infant lying in the cradle smiled and acknowledged him. Next was the turn of Lord Moon (Chandra). He came forward with a very sad face. The Lord asked him what was the matter. Chandra Bhagavan answered that he was upset because he felt that the Lord had neglected and ignored him, and Surya Bhagavan had been given all the importance.

Lord Rama was born in the Solar (Sun) dynasty, in Uttarayan Punyakala (the bright six months of the year), in the bright month of Chaitra (just before summer), in the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha), during daytime, at noon (abhijit muhurtha) and punarvasu nakshatra — all prominently related to Lord Sun! Of course Chandra had been sidelined!! The Lord smiled from the cradle and consoled Chandra and told him not to worry, and in the next avatar of His, all prominence will be given to Lord Moon. In Sri Krishna Avatar, He will be born in the Lunar (Moon) dynasty, in Dakshinayana Punyakala (the dark six months of the year), in the dark rainy month of Sravana, in the dark fortnight (Krishna Paksha), during midnight, and rohini nakshatra (very dear to Chandra) — all factors prominently related to the Moon. Still Lord Chandra was not happy — he was still sulking. When the Lord asked him what was the matter now, he said he had to wait for years and years, for Treta Yuga to get over and Dwapara Yuga to start. That was indeed a long….long…..wait!

The All-knowing Lord smiled and told him: “Okay, from today onwards, your name CHANDRA will be added to my name RAMA and people will address me as RAMACHANDRA — happy now”!!
Indeed, Lord Chandra was very happy and satisfied! That is how Lord Sri Rama became Sri RAMACHANDRA!!

Significance: MOON (Chandra) represents our mind. RAMA is the Lord, the very Source of life in us. RAMACHANDRA therefore symbolically suggests that we always enshrine the LORD in our MIND.

Rama means the One Reveller who revels everywhere in all the bosoms. Rama is the Self of all, of the nature of Peace-Auspiciousness-Beauty. - Swami Chinmayananda

Palace becomes a Temple for Lord Rama

 

             1.  Ram Raja Temple                                             2. Chaturbhuj Temple

Chaturbhuj temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu situated at Orchha (16 kms from Jhansi), in Madhya Pradesh. It was built in the 16th century and is noted for having one of the tallest vimana standing at 344 feet! Lord Krishna and Radha are worshipped there.

The temple was constructed by Bundela Rajputs in 16th century who ruled over the kingdom of Orchha. The then ruler Madhukar Shah’s wife Ganeshkuwari had a dream of Lord Rama instructing her to build a temple for the Lord. The Queen went on foot to Ayodhya to bring Lord Rama. On reaching Ayodhya, near the banks of the Sarayu river, she undertook a vow of fasting and prayed to Lord Rama. But unable to have darshan of the Lord, she jumped into the river to give up her life.

Something miraculous happened! Lord Rama appeared in the form of a child in the Queen’s lap. Lord Ram told the queen that he was happy with her prayers and she could ask for a boon. The queen asked Rama to come with her as a child to Orchha. The Lord agreed but put 3 conditions: 1) He would travel only on the day of Pushya nakshatra, when the nakshatra ends, he would stop and resume again when Pushya sets in. 2) The Lord would be the King of Orchha and not her husband. 3) Since the Lord would travel in child’s form on Queen’s lap, the first place where she seats the Lord would be the final place of His stay and the Lord would be known as Ram Raja.

The Queen agreed and started with baby Rama in her lap. Since she could only travel during Pushya nakshatra, it took 8 months and 27 days for the queen to reach Orchha from Ayodhya on foot (between 1574 and 1575). On returning to Orchha, the queen went back to her palace with baby Rama and retired in her room for the night. She planned to take Lord Rama to the Chaturbhuj temple the next day forgetting the 3rd condition put-forth by the Lord. The place where child Rama was placed first by the queen in the palace became his permanent abode. Hence, Lord Rama transformed into an idol and got transfixed in the queen’s palace itself. To this day the Ram Raja Temple is in the queen’s palace.

Lord Rama’s idol continued to be worshiped in the palace and the palace was converted to “Ram Raja Temple“. Raja Ram is accompanied by Sita (on the left),  Lakshmana, Sugreeva and Lord Narasimha (on the right). Durga Maa is also present in the darbaar on the right side. Hanumaan ji and Jambavant ji are praying just below Sita. The specialty of this temple is that Lord Ram has a sword in his right hand and a shield in the other. Shri Rama is sitting in Padmasana, with the left leg crossed over the right thigh. In India, this is the only temple where Lord Rama is worshiped as a King and that too in a palace. A Guard of Honour is held everyday, police personnel have been designated as Guards at the temple, much in the manner of a king. The food and other amenities provided to the deity at the palace-temple is similar to that offered to a king. Armed salutation is provided to Lord Rama every day.

Lord Krishna is instead worshipped in the Chaturbhuj temple which was built for Lord Rama, and Lord Rama made the palace His place of worship!

[PS: I request all to please forward and share these value based stories rich in our culture and tradition to elders, youth and children]