Tag Archives: Bhagavad Geeta

Essence of Bhagavad Gita!

A disciple once asked his Guru, “Guru Maharaj, we have heard your exposition on all the great scriptures. But when it comes to the Bhagavad Geeta, we feel that it occupies a more special and significant place in your heart?” The teacher smiled and said, “My son! In life, whenever we meet anyone, the first thing we do is to get introduced to each other. But do you realize, we have never got introduced to ourselves at any point of time in our life. Bhagavad Geeta is the text that first introduced me to myself! Self-introduction is the first step towards self-discipline and spiritual life. Hence the Geeta has a very special place in my heart.”
It is the style of the scriptures that the entire contents of the text is indicated by a few specific and significant words.

In the Bhagavad Gita: the first chapter, the first verse, the first line and the first word is DHARMA. The last chapter, the last verse, the last line and the last word is MAMA. The entire contents of seven hundred verses of the Geeta is between these two words. If we put the two words together it becomes DHARMA MAMA. On interchanging, it becomes MAMA DHARMA. MAMA means ‘my’. The word DHARMA is derived from the root “dhri” which means “to uphold, sustain or support”. Therefore DHARMA denotes that which holds together the different aspects and qualities of an object into a whole. DHARMA represents “the law of being”, meaning “that which makes a thing or being what it is”. It indicates the essential nature of anything without which it cannot retain its independent existence. So, MAMA DHARMA means ‘my law of being’. If we are to live as true dynamic beings in the world, we must live faithful to our true nature as human beings, and the Geeta explains to Me “my Dharma”. It is not pointing out to someone else’s Dharma, but pointing out to each one of us – our own “my” Dharma.

The Bhagavad Geeta through the seven hundred verses across the eighteen chapters is significantly pointing out to each one of us our own Dharma to be followed in all places, at all times, in all situations, irrespective of who we are, where we are, what we are and how we are, in the materialistic or in the spiritual realm. Dharma takes care of not only individual well-being, but includes collective well-being also.

After understanding what exactly constitutes our Dharma, what is the next step? The first two opening words of the first chapter gives us the instructions. “Dharmakshetre Kurukshetre” can be further split into four words. Dharma – Kshetre – Kuru – Kshetre. ‘Kuru‘ means ‘to do‘. ‘Kshetre‘ means ‘field of activity‘. Therefore, if the words are reassembled it becomes: “Kshetre Kshetre Kuru Dharma“, which means “in each and every field of activity do your dharma“. This is simply aligning ourselves every moment of our lives in and through our daily activities with the Higher Reality, with the Lord.

"Geeta: it is a call to each one of us to get up and fight the battle of our own life, according to our own vasanas (swadharma)"~ Swami Chinmayananda

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Gitopadesha Scene – Its Significance

The GEETOPADESHA SCENE depicts a divine chariot drawn by five white horses, in the back-drop of the battlefield. The two parties facing each other are the Pandavas and the Kauravas. The chariot is driven by Lord Krishna in the driver’s seat. On the top of the chariot is the flag carrying the symbol of Hanuman. The reins of the horses are in the hands of the charioteer Sri Krishna. Behind Krishna is the master of the chariot, Arjuna. Arjuna has dropped his weapons and with folded hands seeking guidance from Sri Krishna. Krishna with the reins still in His hands is turned sideways, so that the horses as well as Arjuna are in His view. With a loving assurance of His support represented by the right hand in “abhaya” (fearless) mudra, Lord Krishna is smilingly advising His disciple Arjuna.


Vedantic Interpretation: The battlefield represents life’s battle. The Pandavas and the Kauravas represent the positive and the negative aspects of our personality. The chariot represents the human body. The five white horses are the five sense-organs of perception under self-control. The sense-organs are well-reined and held together by the intellect, represented by Sri Krishna. Arjuna represents the individual seeker’s mind which has totally surrendered all activities (represented by dropping the weapons) onto the Higher. Hanuman depicted in the flag represents the grace of the Guru on the spiritual student. The higher-intellect (Krishna) is advising the lower-mind (Arjuna) on the HIGHER WAYS of LIFE. Krishna turned sideways indicates an intellect which is able to contain both the sense-organs (horses) and Arjuna (mind).

The Geeta is a total and exhaustive summary of the philosophy of the Upanishads and though it reads as simple and elementary, in its import and deeper significances, the Divine Song exhausts the entire Knowledge – Swami Chinmayananda

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Bhagavad Geeta – Essence in two words…

The Bhagavad Geeta expounded by Lord Krishna Himself is a beautiful treatise of the Upanishads. To explain what the Bhagavad Geeta tells us concisely:

The 1st word of the Bhagavad Geeta (1st Chapter, 1st Sloka) is : “Dharma” .

The last word in the Geeta (18th Chapter, last sloka, last word) : “Mama” — which means mine.

Between these 2 words we have the entire 700 verses of the Bhagavad Geeta — the Art of Man Making. Joining these two words we have : MAMA DHARMA. ( My Dharma). Dharma in its broadest perspective means: Law of Being — cultivating the immortal moral and ethical values in ourselves, and performing our duties and responsibilities, in all places, at all times and under all conditions, appropriate to the stage and station of life we are in, which includes not only our well-being, but also the welfare of the society we are living in. Hence the entire Geeta is essentially talking to each one of us about our personal “Dharma“. 

 

Bhagavad Geeta – Chapter 12 (Learn Chanting) : https://youtu.be/Mk0JJj9cGhg

Bhagavad Geeta – Chapter 15 (Learn Chanting) : https://youtu.be/vQIErqY3Bxk