Category Archives: Hindu Significance and Symbolism

Raga Sankarabharana Mortgaged!

Pic Courtesy : The Hindu

The Maratha Kings who ruled over Thanjavur were great patrons of art. They patronised, encouraged and honoured great stalwarts of Carnatic Music and therefore Thanjavur became a prominent center of Carnatic Music. Narasayyar was one of the court musicians of the then ruler Serfoji. On one occasion, Narasayya elaborated and sang the Raga Sankarabharana for hours in the presence of the king. The king was extremely happy with Narasayyar’s mastery over the Raga and declared that in future he would be known as “Sankarabharana Narasayyar”.

 Once, due to some financial crisis, Narasayyar was in dire need of money. He did not know whom to approach and hesitated to ask anyone for help. But when it became inevitable, he went to meet Ramabhadra Moopanar who was a wealthy landlord and a great lover of music staying in Kapisthalam near Thanjavur. Moopanar was very happy to see Narasayyar. He received him, offered his hospitality and asked him to stay in his house for a few days. After two days of stay, very hesitatingly Narasayyar asked Moopanar for a loan. The generous Moopanar was shocked. He would have willingly given Narasayyar whom he adored whatever amount he wanted. And here the great musician was asking for a loan. Taking care not to hurt Narasayyar’s feelings, he asked him how much he wanted. Narasayyar told Moopanar that he wanted 80 gold coins (sovereigns). Moopanar agreed to give 80 gold coins as a loan and asked Narasayya if he would pledge anything, say, an “abharana” as security.

Narasayyar told him that he had with him an unique and special “abharana” to pledge, which could not be seen, but could only be heard! Moopanar was surprised and asked for the “abharana”. Narasayyar told him that he had the rare “abharana” called “Sankara-abharana” Raga which he was ready to pledge in return for the gold coins. Moopanar was stunned and surprised, but restraining himself and his feelings, he formally went through the normal procedure of documenting the transaction. 80 gold coins were given to Narasayyar as a loan, and he pledged his favourite Raga Sankarabharana as security to the money lender. The condition was that Narasayyar would not sing Raga Sankarabharana until he cleared the debt. Narasayyar collected the gold coins and left for Thanjavur. From that day onwards, he refrained from singing the Sankarabharana Raga in all his subsequent concerts. Music-lovers missed Narasayyar’s Sankarabharana Raga, but nobody knew the reason. 

Appu Rayar was serving as the Dewan of Thanjavur and Tiruchirapalli under the East India Company. There was a marriage function in his family in the town of Kumbhakonam. He wanted to celebrate the wedding on a grand scale and decided to arrange music concerts by eminent artists during the wedding. Narasayyar was also one amongst the performers. Large number of people gathered on the day of Narasayyar’s concert. Since Narasayya was known for his rendering of Raga Sankarabharana, Appu Rayar requested him to start the program in Raga Sankarabharana. Narasayyar politely declined to sing the Sankarabharana. After much insistence, Narasayyar told Appu Rayar the reason. Appu Rayar was stunned. A Raga mortgaged for a loan – hadn’t heard of it before. He immediately sent a messenger with 80 gold coins along with the interest to Moopanar’s place and asked him to bring back the promissory note. 

On hearing from the messenger, Ramabhadra Moopanar realized the seriousness of it all and himself accompanied the messenger with the signed deed to Kumbhakonam. He apologized for having agreed for the mortgage of the Raga. He explained to Appu Rayar the reason for handling the sensitive loan transaction issue with so much of formality. He declined to take back the 80 gold coins and asked Appu Rayar to give the gold coins along with all the accrued interest to Narasayyar. Moopanar also released the Sankarabharana Raga and requested Narasayyar to sing his favourite Sankarabharana Raga. All those assembled were astonished at the sequence of events. A musical Raga being mortgaged for a loan! One of the music-lovers ready to repay the loan with interest and another music-lover declining to take back the amount he had given as loan! However, everyone enjoyed the concert with Narasayyar at his best while rendering the Sankarabharana Raga!!

For updates of posts on Telegram join the group : https://t.me/BharateeyaSamskruti

On whatsapp: https://chat.whatsapp.com/Ce7yZ5yAAq3C3k9pYHsA7T

For Talks on Hanuman Chalisa Check the Youtube Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLa-mk1aBgQPSCmLMzvMjoC3m3O1nxckLi

I Am delighted to inform you all that I have authored a book of stories for
children titled: ” Bharatiya Katha Vaibhava -1″.

The book was released for Deepavali. This book features 25 unique and
popular short Stories with beautiful illustrations from our Epics, and from the
life of our Saints, Sages and Rulers… This is indeed a wonderful gift for
children especially to be given as a prize for competitions! You can order in
bulk too. Orders are welcome for libraries, schools etc..
Please note that Ebook kindle versions and paperback version [B&W
illustrations] can be bought online..Find the links..

Zorba Store:- https://www.zorbabooks.com/store/children/bharatiya-katha-vaibhava-1-stories-for-children/

Amazon:- https://www.amazon.in/dp/9390011663?ref=myi_title_dp

Amazon (outside India) : https://www.amazon.com/Bharatiya-Katha-Vaibhava-SHREEDARSHAN-K-ebook/dp/B08N53PM3B/

Note: To buy the full colour version book (paperback with colour
illustrations) please contact the author , as they are only being printed on
author’s request .Those who wish to avail of this offer, please contact/message
me.(Especially if you want a full color version book, please inform at the
earliest..)

For bulk orders and discounts on B&W version and for colour version
books you can contact For orders please whatsapp : 9739003467.  Email: naadopaasana18@gmail.com

Govinda – the Uplifter of Govardhana

Vraj bhumi was preparing for the annual Indra-puja to invoke the seasonal rains. The young Krishna saw the preparations going on and asked his father Nanda about the ritual. On hearing about the Indra-puja, Krishna told his father that it is not Indra who sends the rains down, but it is our good and noble activities that constitute “yagna” that brings the rains down. Krishna suggested that the cows, the source of their livelihood, the Govardhan mountain which represents Mother Nature, which is the source of fodder for animals, and the noble people who are upholders of dharma and protectors of our scriptures should be worshipped instead of Indra.

Everyone agreed to this. Celebrations were held in Vrindavan where the cows and bulls were all decorated and worshipped. The presiding deity of Govardhan Giri was invoked and worshipped. The noble and pious in the community were respectfully invited, adored and appropriate dana or charity was given to all of them. Lord Indra was displeased at the indifference of the people of Vrindavan. He decided to teach them a lesson for ignoring him. He sent down torrential showers accompanied by huge gales, thunder and lightning. Unable to protect themselves from the heavy downpour, all the people sought shelter at Lord Krishna’s feet. The Lord sportingly lifted up the Govardhan mountain with the tip of his little finger, and held it aloft like a huge umbrella and asked all the people including their cattle-wealth to take shelter under the mountain. The incessant rains continued day and night for a whole week, and Krishna stood motionless holding the Govardhan mountain aloft and protecting everyone all through the week. 

Indra realized the glory of Lord Krishna and humbly accepted defeat. He came down to Vrindavan and surrendered to Lord Krishna. Since the Lord had protected the entire cattle-wealth, the celestial Mother of Cows, Surabhi came down from the heaven to express her gratitude to the Lord. She bathed the Lord with her divine milk. Indra on his part performed the abhisheka of Lord Krishna with the waters of the heavenly Ganga. All the devatas and other celestial beings glorified Sri Krishna and offered their salutations unto Him. As directed by Lord Brahma, Surabhi gave Sri Krishna the title: GOVINDA.

Significance: INDRA represents our mind. To worship Indra therefore means to cater to the mind’s fancies day-in and day-out. GO represents “knowledge” and also “ethical and moral values”. VARDHANA means “to increase”. Therefore, GOVARDHANA means “to nuture and nourish the good qualities or to seek the higher knowledge” — it represents our INTELLECT. Lord Krishna represents the GURU who comes and advises us to worship GOVARDHAN and not INDRA, meaning, not to follow the mind and its lower instincts and impulses, but to follow the higher principles in life. When we earnestly try to walk the righteous path, the mind (Indra) will create hurdles and obstacles (rain). But if we have unshakeable faith and devotion in the Lord and His guidance, and sincerely and consistently follow the right path, the Lord will surely protect us — the very values and knowledge we have sought in our lives will support us (lifting of the Govardhan). Finally the mind has to come around and align itself with the intellect! The One who is the Sole Support and Protector of all the world of things and beings is GOVINDA — the “Lord of Attributes and Knowledge”.

For updates of posts on Telegram join the group : https://t.me/BharateeyaSamskruti

On whatsapp: https://chat.whatsapp.com/Ce7yZ5yAAq3C3k9pYHsA7T

For Talks on Lord Krishna Check the Youtube Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLa-mk1aBgQPSV3wH1_hkMgPpQ8Uz1c1TS

I Am delighted to inform you all that I have authored a book of stories for
children titled: ” Bharatiya Katha Vaibhava -1″.

The book was released for Deepavali. This book features 25 unique and
popular short Stories with beautiful illustrations from our Epics, and from the
life of our Saints, Sages and Rulers… This is indeed a wonderful gift for
children especially to be given as a prize for competitions! You can order in
bulk too. Orders are welcome for libraries, schools etc..
Please note that Ebook kindle versions and paperback version [B&W
illustrations] can be bought online..Find the links..

Zorba Store:- https://www.zorbabooks.com/store/children/bharatiya-katha-vaibhava-1-stories-for-children/

Amazon:- https://www.amazon.in/dp/9390011663?ref=myi_title_dp

Amazon (outside India) : https://www.amazon.com/Bharatiya-Katha-Vaibhava-SHREEDARSHAN-K-ebook/dp/B08N53PM3B/

Note: To buy the full colour version book (paperback with colour
illustrations) please contact the author , as they are only being printed on
author’s request .Those who wish to avail of this offer, please contact/message
me.(Especially if you want a full color version book, please inform at the
earliest..)

For bulk orders and discounts on B&W version and for colour version
books you can contact For orders please whatsapp : 9739003467.  Email: naadopaasana18@gmail.com

Rukmangada’s Ekadashi Vrata!

King Rukmangada, his wife Sandhyavali and son Dharmangada were devotees of Lord Vishnu. Every fortnight, the king undertook the Ekadasi Vrata also known as Hari Vrata. On all the three days: the day prior to Ekadasi, on the day of Ekadashi and the day after Ekadashi, he undertook fasting and praying. Not only did Rukmangada very religiously and ardently follow all the vows of the Ekadashi Vrata, but he even persuaded his subjects to undertake the Ekadashi Vrata. “Yatha Raja thatha praja”: all his subjects religiously followed the king on the path of dharma and religion.

The Lord decided to test the steadfastness and devotion of Rukmangada. Accordingly, Brahma created a beautiful damsel, Mohini by name and sent her to Rukmangada’s kingdom. One day, when Rukmangada was enjoying himself in his beautiful royal garden, he heard someone singing. He followed the beautiful melodious voice. And there in front of him was Mohini! Her attractive form and charming smile totally captivated him. He asked for her hand in marriage. Mohini agreed but on one condition. The king should fulfill all her wishes, whatever they might be. Rukmangada, who was known for his truthfulness promised to fulfil all her wishes. The king happily married Mohini and took her to his palace. Years passed. The king continued his Ekadashi Vrata without a break. 

 It was the auspicious month of Kartika. Rukmangada entrusted the Kartika Maasa Vrata to his wife Sandhyavali and she devotedly undertook the same. However, on the day prior to Ekadasi, he heard his own royal attendants walking on the streets of the city beating the royal drums and reminding the subjects: “Tomorrow is the auspicious Ekadashi. Undertake the Vrata and spend your time in prayer and fasting – the surest way to eternal happiness and ultimate fulfilment!” The king who was spending his time in the company of Mohini, suddenly realized that he also had to undertake the Vrata and conveyed it to Mohini. 

Mohini however was reluctant to let the king go. She demanded that he remain in her company on ekadashi day and have meals with her. The king was horrified. He pleaded with her to let him go. On the other hand, Mohini reminded him of his promise to fulfil every desire and wish of hers. The king refused to stay back and have meals with her on the auspicious Ekadashi. To him death was more welcome than giving up the Ekadashi Vrata. After a long heated argument, Mohini agreed to let the king go and perform the Ekadashi Vrata, but he had to pay a penalty for not keeping up his promise to her. Not knowing what was in her mind, Rukmangada readily and happily agreed to do whatever she asked in return for allowing him to undertake the Ekadashi vows. Mohini brought a sword, gave it to the king and asked him to kill his son, Dharmangada. Rukmangada was stunned to hear these harsh and cruel words from Mohini, who had become his favourite queen. Sandhyavali who heard these words almost fainted. When the noble Dharmangada heard the words of Mohini, he approached his father and asked him not to waver. He told his father to surrender onto the Lord unconditionally and go ahead and kill him. To a devotee of Sri Hari, not to undertake the Ekadashi Vrata was worse than death! And when the Lord is there, why should a true devotee worry? He pleaded with his father not to give up his vows at any cost. Rukmangada was happy at see his son’s unshakeable faith and devotion towards the Lord, but was full of grief at the turn of events.

Assured again and again by his son that nothing untoward can happen to the devotee of Sri Hari, Rukmangada lifted up the sword to strike his son. At that moment, Lord Vishnu along with his consort Lakshmi appeared on Garuda. The Lord took the sword from Rukmangada’s hand, and told him that it was all a divine plan to test his faith and devotion and steadfastness in pursuing the Ekadashi Vrata. Pleased with Rukmangada’s devotion, the Lord granted him, his wife Sandhyavali and son Dharmangada mukti.

For updates of posts on Telegram join the group : https://t.me/BharateeyaSamskruti

On whatsapp: https://chat.whatsapp.com/Ce7yZ5yAAq3C3k9pYHsA7T

For Talks on Significance of Ramayana — Check the Youtube Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLa-mk1aBgQPRxonV9TqFdxgHrJqtZnOr0

I Am delighted to inform you all that I have authored a book of stories for children titled: ” Bharatiya Katha Vaibhava -1″.

The book was released for Deepavali. This book features 25 unique and popular short Stories with beautiful illustrations from our Epics, and from the life of our Saints, Sages and Rulers… This is indeed a wonderful gift for children especially to be given as a prize for competitions! You can order in bulk too. Orders are welcome for libraries, schools etc..
Please note that Ebook kindle versions and paperback version [B&W illustrations] can be bought online..Find the links..

Zorba Store:- https://www.zorbabooks.com/…/bharatiya-katha-vaibhava…/

Amazon:- https://www.amazon.in/dp/9390011663?ref=myi_title_dp

Amazon (outside India) : https://www.amazon.com/Bharatiya-Katha-Vaibhava-SHREEDARSHAN-K-ebook/dp/B08N53PM3B/

Note: To buy the full colour version book (paperback with colour illustrations) please contact the author , as they are only being printed on author’s request .Those who wish to avail of this offer, please contact/message me.(Especially if you want a full color version book, please inform at the earliest..)

For bulk orders and discounts on B&W version and for colour version books you can contact For orders please whatsapp : 9739003467 Email: naadopaasana18@gmail.com

Sri Rama Natakam by Arunachalakavi!

Arunachalakavi was born in a small village in Tanjore district of Tamilnadu. He was very intelligent, bright and sattvic by nature. He was sent to the Dharmapuram Mutt for education. He very easily mastered the religious texts both in Sanskrit and Tamil languages. He was greatly influenced by Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukural and Kamban’s Ramayana. He was so proficient and scholarly that the head of the Dharmapuram Mutt wished to initiate him into the monastic order so that he could take over the reins of the Mutt. However he politely declined the offer, got married and settled down as a grihastha.

He set up a jewelry shop for his livelihood. Once he went to Pondicherry on a business trip. On the way he reached Sirkazhi and met once of his classmates Chidambaram Pillai who was the head of the Dharmapuram Mutt at Sirkazhi. At his friend’s request Arunachalakavi composed few verses which were greatly appreciated by all. Knowing Arunachalakavi’s proficiency and talent his friend requested him to permanently stay in Sirkazhi and made all the arrangements to get his friend’s family also there. He became well known as “Sirkazhi Arunachalakavi”. In time Arunachalakavi met two renowned musicians Venkataramayyar and Kodandaramayyar who came to study the Kamba Ramayana from him. They asked Arunachalakavi to compose keerthans on Lord Rama based on Ramayana written by the great poet Kamban. They helped him with the raga and tala. These compositions were sung by his disciples on the music platforms in Chennai and were greatly appreciated by one and all.

Encouraged by the response, the musicians asked Arunachalakavi to compose a full length integrated musical opera and thus the famous “Sri Rama Natakam” which includes all the important incidents that are there in Ramayana came into being. After composing the great work, Arunachalakavi wanted the arrangetram or the first stage performance of his great musical drama in the auspicious presence of Sri Ranganathaswamy in Srirangam just like Kamban had presented his Ramayana first time in the same temple. The priests did not agreed to this. They wanted divine sanction for it. Arunachalakavi then sang his famous keerthan in mohana raga: “En pallikondeeraiyaa….” on Lord Ranganatha, wherein he describes the exploits of Sri Rama and Sri Krishna and at the end seeks the Lord’s grace and blessings upon himself. This keerthan is even to this day an all time favourite amongst Bharatnatyam dancers. The Lord was very pleased and appeared in the dream of the priest and gave his consent for the “Sri Rama Natakam” rendering.

Subsequently, “Sri Rama Natakam” was presented in front of Maharaja Tulaja, the King of Thanjavur and other great patrons of art. He was honoured for his great works. Arunachalakavi’s musical opera was highly appreciated and accepted by everyone for its sheer beauty. The musical drama is in simple Tamil language, the incidents are arresting, the bhava or mood captivating and the music enchanting! The compositions endear themselves to one and all – to the performer (music or dance) and to the onlooker.

For updates of posts on Telegram join the group : https://t.me/BharateeyaSamskruti

On whatsapp: https://chat.whatsapp.com/Ce7yZ5yAAq3C3k9pYHsA7T

For Talks on Significance of Ramayana — Check the Youtube Channel:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLa-mk1aBgQPRxonV9TqFdxgHrJqtZnOr0

I Am delighted to inform you all that I have authored a book of stories for children titled: ” Bharatiya Katha Vaibhava -1″.

The book was released for Deepavali. This book features 25 unique and popular short Stories with beautiful illustrations from our Epics, and from the life of our Saints, Sages and Rulers… This is indeed a wonderful gift for children especially to be given as a prize for competitions! You can order in bulk too. Orders are welcome for libraries, schools etc..
Please note that Ebook kindle versions and paperback version [B&W illustrations] can be bought online..Find the links..

Zorba Store:- https://www.zorbabooks.com/…/bharatiya-katha-vaibhava…/

Amazon:- https://www.amazon.in/dp/9390011663?ref=myi_title_dp

Amazon (outside India) : https://www.amazon.com/Bharatiya-Katha-Vaibhava-SHREEDARSHAN-K-ebook/dp/B08N53PM3B/

Note: To buy the full colour version book (paperback with colour illustrations) please contact the author , as they are only being printed on author’s request .Those who wish to avail of this offer, please contact/message me.(Especially if you want a full color version book, please inform at the earliest..)

For bulk orders and discounts on B&W version and for colour version books you can contact For orders please whatsapp : 9739003467 Email: naadopaasana18@gmail.com