Monthly Archives: October 2011

Allada Karmava – Ugabhoga – Purandaradasa

Allada Karmava Aacharisidava ketta| Ellarolu virodhisuva ketta|

Ballidavarodane Senasaaduvava ketta| Lalle Maatina satiya Nambidava ketta|

Phullanaabhana namma Purandaravitthalana Melladi Nambadava ketta NaragEedi|   

 

Here Purandaradasa elaborates what  one should avoid doing in life..

A person who performs deeds [karma] which should be avoided [allada ]would  ruin his own  life[ketta]. Similarly one who constantly accuses and goes against all [ellaranu virodhisuva] for no reason, one who fights against the powerful and strong [ ballidava] , one who believes a lady who has no virtue — they all end up suffering in life..

Finally Purandaradasa concludes by saying that – One who does not believe [nambadava]  Purandaravitthala would suffer all his life.[Naraka].

Ni Chittamu Nischalamu – Dhanyasi – Tyagaraja

“Guru” – teacher, remover of ignorance, who equals Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.  How does one identify a true guru.

In this composition Saint Tyagaraja described two qualities of a Guru.  One who’s mind is Nishchala [ One who is not disturbed by the ongoings of worldly issues. Who’s mind is calm under all circumstances] and Nirmala [Pure- Who is devoid of  inner enemies numbering six – Kaama , Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada, Matsarya].  He indeed is qualified to be a Guru.

Tyagaraja attributes these qualities  to none other than Lord Raama . Tyagaraja is now a student of Lord Raama. As a student his mind is full of deceit [ caught up in worldly matters] and is disturbed.. Hence he seeks the grace of the Lord  having complete faith in Him.

It is only a Guru who purifies the mind like a Sallaki Seed { guruvu cillaginca } [ which purifies water by removing mud], he is the bee {guruvE bhramaramu}  which transforms the pupil into himself. Here Tyagaraja points out that it is only a Guru who would make his student like Him. He is the Sun { guruDE bhAskaruDu } who dispels the misty ignorance from the student. He himself is the ultimate [ the highest truth ]  to be attained. Tyagaraja concludes by submitting himself to the Lord who indeed is the protector of the world.

It is noteworthy that Tyagaraja has composed this kriti in Dhanyasi – a raaga most suited for emoting Bhakti Bhava..

 

 

Kriti Lyrics:

pallavi

nI cittamu nishcalamu nirmalamani ninnE namminAnu

anupallavi

nA cittamu vancana cancalamani nanu viDa nADakumi shrI rAma

caraNam

guruvu cillaginca guruvE bhramaramu guruDE bhAskaruDu guruDE bhadruDu
guruDE uttamagati guruvu nI vAnukoNTi dharanu dAsuni brOva tyAgarAjanuta

Nin_nantha Swami Enage Untu – Purandaradasa

Ni_nantha Swami Enage Untu | Ninagilla|| Ni_nantha Tandeyu Enage Untu | Ninagilla||

Ni_nantha Doreyu  Enage Untu | Ninagilla|| Neene Paradeshi Naane Swadeshi|

Ninnarasi Lakumi Enna Taayi| Ninna Taaya To_ro Purandaravithala||

ನಿನ್ನಂಥ ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ಎನಗೆ ಉಂಟು | ನಿನಗಿಲ್ಲ ||  ನಿನ್ನಂಥ ತಂದೆಯು ಎನಗೆ ಉಂಟು | ನಿನಗಿಲ್ಲ ||

ನಿನ್ನಂಥ ದೊರೆಯು  ಎನಗೆ ಉಂಟು | ನಿನಗಿಲ್ಲ ||  ನೀನೆ ಪರದೇಶಿ ನಾನೇ ಸ್ವದೇಶೀ |

ನಿನ್ನರಸಿ ಲಕುಮಿ ಎನ್ನ ತಾಯಿ | ನಿನ್ನ ತಾಯ ತೋರೋ ಪುರಂದರವಿತ್ಥಳ||

Here Saint Purandaradasa exhibits his supreme devotion.  Here a comparision is made as to who is more fortunate – the Bhakta [ devotee] or Bhagavan [the Lord]. Purandaradasa says that a devotee indeed has the Lord himself as his 1) Swami [ Lord or in today’s terms Boss], 2) Father, 3) King . Goddess Lakshmi happens to be Purandaradasa’s Mother. Oh Lord!! Do you have a Father, or a King who would indeed look after your needs. Do you have a mother.??

As a devotee , I’am indeed fortunate to have you as my Sarvasva . You being the Lord you have none.

Here Purandaradasa points out that a devotee is never alone.A devotee always needs to seek the help of  Lord Almighty and He [ Lord] would protect the devotee as a Father, Mother, King and so on…. How fortunate a Bhakta is to have the Lord with him …

Tanuvemba – Ugabhoga .

Tanuvemba Dodda Doniyalli | Hari Naamavemba bandava Tumbi| Vyavahaaravannu Maaduvenayya|

Indriyagalemba Sunkavu Addavaagalu | Mukundana Mudreyannu Toeri| Holeya Daatuvenayya|

Purandara Vittalanallige Pogi | Mukuti Sukhavemba Laabhagalisuvenayya|

 ತನುವೆಂಬ ದೊಡ್ಡ ದೋಣಿಯಲಿ | ಹರಿನಾಮವೆಂಬ ಬಾಂಡವ  ತುಂಬಿ |
 
ವ್ಯವಹಾರವನ್ನು ಮಾಡುವೆನಯ್ಯ | ಇಂದ್ರಿಯಗಳೆಂಬ ಸುಂಕವು ಅಡ್ಡವಾಗಲು|
 
ಮುಕುಂದನ ಮುದ್ರೆಯನು ತೋರಿ | ಹೊಳೆಯ ದಾತುವೆನಯ್ಯ |
 
ಪುರಂದರ ವಿಠಲನಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಪೋಗಿ| ಮುಕುತಿಯ ಸುಖವೆಂಬ ಲಾಭಗಲಿಸುವೆನಯ್ಯ |

Here Purandaradasa gives a simple solution for all problems one faces in life. He compares the human body[tanu] to a boat [ doni ] which has to cross the ocean of samsaara to attain Salvation. For this to happen one needs to perform all actions in this world [vyavahaara] with the Lord’s name.  To attain our ultimate goal [Salvation] the mind would indeed get tempted with the worldly pleasures [Indriya Sukha]. One could  overcome the worldly temptations by Mukunda [Lord’s name] Mudre[ Symbol]. With Hari Naama as a Sceptre one could cross the ocean of Samsaara and attain Mukti. [Permanant Bliss!]